Common Dog Health Issues, Symptoms and Treatment

Getting familiar with the most common dog health problems translates to improving the overall well-being of your canine friend. And, even with the best care, there’s every chance that your canine may fall sick. Thus, watching your pet constantly for signs of illness can help you discover health problems before they aggravate into something serious.

Skin Related Issues

Your dog may experience a host of skin problems. Be on the lookout for scratching and itching. Also, the skin appears red, scaly, flaky or inflamed. The most common causes of skin diseases in dogs include parasites and allergies to certain substances.If your dog develops skin problems, be sure to take it to the vet as soon as possible. While you’re at it, prevent fleas by cleaning your dog’s kernel frequently. Also, bath your dog at least twice every week.

On top of that invest in a whelping kit to provide a warm, clean resting/resting place for your pet. Speaking of which, check out these whelping kits, perfectly designed to ensure that your animal lives in comfort, away from dust mites and other parasites.

Ear Infections

A dog with ear infections will shake its head and scratch the ears. Often, the ears will discharge puss, and if left untreated, they can aggravate into something more serious. Yeast or bacteria cause ear infections in dogs. Allergies, foreign bodies, wax, moisture and excessive hair can contribute to the development of ear infections in your dogs.

Ear infections can be prevented by routinely cleaning your dog. Drying the dog’s ears thoroughly after baths or swimming is critical in preventing the diseases. If you’re not sure about the proper cleaning technique, consider seeking the services of a groomer or get in touch with your veterinarian.

Urinary Tract Infections

One of the most prevalent dog health issues, urinary tract infections are characterized by incontinence, bladder stones, and cancer in severe cases. The symptoms include frequent urination, blood stops in the urine, small amounts of urine, weight loss, straining while trying to urinate and fever. Early treatment is essential to avoid further complication. Treatment options include antibiotics, change of diet and surgery to remove any tumor or bladder stones.

Vomiting and Diarrhea

Your dog will vomit for many reasons including toxicity, gastrointestinal blockage, and infections such as parvovirus. While you don’t need to call a vet every time the dog vomits, you can’t ignore it. Recurrent vomiting, often more than a day, could be a sign of dietary indiscretion and you should take the dog to a veterinary for a checkup.

Diarrhea may accompany vomiting or may occur on its own. Be on the lookout for signs such as lethargy, blood or dark spots in diarrhea. Give the dog plenty of water to prevent dehydration when it diarrhea. Also, feed the dog with bland food such as rice and boiled potatoes. Avoid feeding the dog any food for 12 to 24 hours when it has diarrhea or is vomiting until the vet advise you to do so.

Parasite Infestation

Because parasites are everywhere, infestations are common dog health issues. Parasites range from external to internal. External parasites include fleas and ticks while internal parasites include heart and tapeworms. To keep parasites off your dogs, make sure that you conduct monthly treatments aimed at eliminating the parasites.

In conclusion, you can eradicate external parasites by treating your dog with medicated shampoos once every fortnight. The best way to deal with internal parasites is to ensure that you de-worm your animal at least once every 30 days.